Occupancy rates are rising and lodging firms are hiring
The badly battered lodging business is stirring to life, roused by hotel owners and investors betting that bookings will pick up when Covid-19 vaccines become widespread and more Americans itch to travel again. The past year was by many measures the industry’s worst, marked by employee furloughs, plummeting occupancy rates and the evaporation of most business travel. But this year has already offered glimmers of hope. Hotel share prices are rising, scores of properties are reopening and lodging companies are hiring again.
Blackstone Group Inc. and Starwood Capital Group said Monday they had teamed up to buy Extended Stay America Inc. for $6 billion. In agreeing to make the largest hotel acquisition since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, the firms signaled they expect demand to rise from business travelers.
“The U.S. hotel industry is very slowly regaining solid footing,” said Jan Freitag, national director of hospitality analytics at CoStar Group Inc., a commercial real-estate data firm.
Few expect hotels to return to their pre-pandemic level of business for another two to three years. International travel to the U.S. collapsed in 2020, and hoteliers hold little hope it will accelerate much this year. Demand for conventions and large meetings that have been a staple for many large hotels in downtowns and resorts also looks grim in 2021.
“We do not expect sustained group demand until herd immunity has been reached,” Mr. Freitag said.
Yet there is recent evidence to support that the worst might be behind the industry. U.S. hotel occupancy for the week ended March 6 stood at 49%, the highest occupancy since October and just a percentage point lower than the pandemic peak in August, according to hotel data tracker STR. The occupancy rate was about 65% in March 2020 before the pandemic hit, STR said.
The Baird/STR Hotel Stock Index, which tracks shares of eight hotel brands and 12 hotel real-estate-investment trusts, jumped 22% in February, compared with less than a 2% increase for the S&P 500. That gain in the hotel index followed a 31% surge in November, amid news of the first Covid-19 vaccine coming to market.
“Stocks are pricing in a more optimistic recovery scenario,” a Baird Equity Research report said last week.
Workers are coming back, too. The leisure-and-hospitality industry added 35,700 jobs in February, the sector’s biggest number since September, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Leisure travel, often to destinations within drivable distances of large metro areas, started rebounding last year and continues to improve. Texas’s Galveston Island, where 30 million people are within a 300-mile radius, expects nearly full hotel occupancy this week thanks to spring-break crowds, according to Michael Woody, chief tourism officer for the island’s visitor bureau.
More travelers are starting to fly again. Passenger volumes are 40% to 50% below pre-pandemic levels, but airports had their busiest weekend in a year, according to the Transportation Security Administration. Nearly 1.36 million people passed through U.S. airport-security checkpoints on Friday. That was the most in about a year.
“The airport is getting busier,” said Andreas Ioannou, chief executive of hotel owner Orchestra Hotels + Resorts, whose properties include the Hilton Fort Lauderdale Beach Resort. “More people from the Northeast and the Midwest are coming down.”
Hotel owners throughout the country are also reporting more advanced bookings. During most of the pandemic, bookings have been with just a few days notice, often by people who were going stir crazy and needed a break.
Now, hotels such as the Admiralty Inn and Suites in Falmouth, Mass., are taking reservations months in advance. “Some of the weddings that canceled last year have rebooked,” said Eric Zmuda, general manager of the 98-room lodging.
Marriott International Inc.’s group bookings made in January for next year and beyond fetched daily rates 11% higher than business booked a year earlier for stays in 2021 and beyond, according to Stephanie Linnartz, recently named Marriott’s new president. “These are encouraging signs that there is strong demand for travel in future years once real progress has been made in containing the virus,” she said on a February earnings call.